Silver rupee of Farrukhsiyar – Bareli


Year: 1129 AH (1716/7 AD)

Regnal year: 6

Weight: 11.39 g

Mint: Bareli



Sikka zad az Fazl Haqq bar


Badshah Bahr-o-bar

Farrukh siyar

सिक्का ज़द अज़ फ़ज़्ल हक़्क़ बर सी--ज़र

बादशाह बहर-ओ-बर

फ़र्रुख़ सियर

سکہ زد از فضل حق بر

سیم و زر

بادشاہ بحر و بر

فرخ سیر


Struck this coin of gold and silver by grace of The Truth

Badshah of the sea and land


सत्य की कृपा से सोने और चांदी का यह सिक्का ढाला गया

भूमि और समुद्र का बादशाह


فضل حق سے زر اور چاندی کا سکہ ڈھالا گیا

زمین اور سمندر کا بادشاہ

فرخ سیر



Julus manus sanah 6 mimnat zarb Bareli

जुलूस मानूस सनह 6 मीमनत ज़र्ब बरेली

جلوس مانوس سنہ 6 میمنت ضرب بریلی


Struck in the year six of his reign of tranquil prosperity at Bareli

बरेली में शांत समृद्धि के छटे वर्ष में ढाला गया

بریلی میں پرسکون خوشحالی دور حکومت کے چھٹے سال میں ڈھالا گیا




The history of the Mughal empire after the death of Aurangzeb is a chronicle of weakness in the sovereigns and disintegration in the realm. Seventeen princes exercised the royal prerogative of coinage between 1707 and 1857.

After the death of Bahadur Shah I, the second son of Aurangzeb, a war of succession began among his sons. The surviving of the four sons, Jahandar Shah was placed on the throne.

Due his debaucherous nature, an attitude of contempt spread among his subjects, and two ambitious brothers, Abdullah and Husain, two powerful nobles who made and unmade rulers during this period of anarchy, selected a new candidate for the Peacock throne.


Muhammad Farrukhsiyar (reigned: 1713 -1719) was the tenth Mughal emperor and the son of born to Azim-ush-Shan, the grandson of Aurangzeb. Farrukhsiyar was another weak ruler who conceded power to the Sayyid brothers as they occupied the post of Prime minister and Commander-in-Chief.

Nearing the end of his reign, the Sayyid brothers made a treaty with Shahu I of the Marathas and allowed him to collect tax in the Deccan. After gaining the favour of Ajit Singh of Marwar and the Marathas, the brothers, accompanied marched upon Delhi and enacted their violence in the capital. To this, no opposition was attempted by Farrukhsiyar who hid himself among his women. He was dragged out, thrown in prison and eventually executed. [i]

The coin

The coin contains the "Badshah Bahr-o-Barr" couplet which was common on Farrukhsiyar’s coinage. The standard of calligraphy is quite refined and it shows that modern-day Nasta’liq was in common use by this time.

Bareli was the principal town of Rohilkhand and become a mint town during Aurangzeb’s rule.[ii]

[i]Lane-Poole, S. (1892). The Coins of the Moghul Emperors of Hindustan. London.

[ii] B.Whitehead, R. (1914). Catalogue of Coins in the Panjab Museum, Lahore : Vol. II Coins of the Mughal Emperors. Oxford: Clarendon Press.