Silver Tanka of Alauddin Khilji –Hazrat Delhi




Al Sultan Al Azam

‘Ala Al Duniya wa Al Din

Abu Al Muzaffar Muhammad Shah

Al Sultan

अल सुल्तान अल आज़म

आला अल दुनिया व अल दीन

अबू अल मुज़फ़्फ़र मुहम्मद शाह

अल सुल्तान

السلطان الاعظم

علا الدنیا والدین

ابو المظفر محمد شاہ



The Sultan, the Magnificent

Excellence of the World and of Faith

Father of the Conqueror Muhammad Shah

The Sultan

महान सुल्तान

दुनिया और धर्म का श्रेष्ठ

विजेता के पिता

मुहम्मद शाह


عظیم سلطان

دنیا اور دین کے چراغ

ابو المظفر

محمد شاہ




Sikander Al-Sani


Yamin Al-Khilafat

Amir Al Momenin



Zarb Hazihi Al-Fizzat Hazrat Dehli Fi Sanat Khams 'Ashrat Wa Seb'mi'at

(in margins)

सिकंदर अल सानी


यमीन अल ख़िलाफ़त

अमीर अल मोमीनीन


(बीच में)

ज़र्ब हज़िही अल फ़ीज़्ज़त हज़रत देहली फ़ी सनत ख़मस आशरत वसबामिया

(चारों ओर)



یمین الخلافۃ

امیر المومنین

(بیچ میں)


ضرب ھزہ الفضۃ حضرت دھلی فی سنۃ خمس عشر وسبع میاۃ

(چاروں اور)


Second Alexander


Right Hand of the Caliphate

Commander of the Faithful


Struck this Silver Coin in Honourable Delhi in Year Fifteen And Seven Hundred 

(in margins)

सिकंदर द्वितीय


ख़िलाफ़त का दांया हाथ

विश्वासियों का सेनापति

(बीच में)

चांदी में यह ढाला गया सम्मानित दिल्ली में, साल सात सौ पंद्रह में

(चारों ओर)



خلافت کا دائیں ہاتھ

مومنوں کا امیر

(بیچ میں)


چاندی میں یہ ڈھالا گیا حضرت دہلی میں، سنہ سات سو پندرہ میں

(چاروں اور)


Alauddin Khilji (reigned: 1296-1316) was the second ruler of the Delhi Sultanate from the Khilji Dynasty. He was India's first great Muslim administrator as well as the first Muslim imperialist. He was a man of great ambition and was of an inventive mind. He was also resourceful, vigorous, and brutal.[i] He also successfully defended India from the invading Mongols several times.

Due to frequent rebellions during the start of his rule, Alauddin took various measures to inhibit them in the future. He revoked all grants and pensions, ordered heavy taxation of the populace to leave few with the means to stir up trouble, established a new spy network, and outlawed all types of nobility-related gatherings. He also changed the land-revenue system and withdrew the privileges of Hindu ministers in an effort to contain their growing influence and power.

He had a long list of military campaigns as well. He conquered several Hindu kingdoms such as those of Gujarat, Jaisalmer, Ranthambore and Malwa.       He is also famous for capturing the impregnable fort of Chittor.

His campaigns into the Deccan enabled him to bring vast quantities of wealth. Gold and Silver Tankas were struck in large numbers during his reign.

The coin

This silver Tanka is from the last year of his reign, 715 AH or 1316 AD. The obverse presents the ruler’s name with his title, which is continued on to the other side.

The reverse features the lofty and self-laudatory titles of the Sultan, “The second Alexander, the right hand of the Caliphate” along with the date and mint along the margin. The date, like in several Delhi Sultanate coins, is in words.[ii] The mint name of Delhi features an epithet, “Hazrat”.

[i] Goenka, S. G. (2022). The Coins of the Indian Sultanates: Covering the Areas of Present Day India, Pakistan and Bangladesh. New Delhi: Manoharlal Publishers & Distributors.

[ii] Brown, C. J. (1980). The Heritage of India Series: The Coins of India. University of Toronto Library.