Billon Tanka of Sikandar Khan Lodi – Lodi Dynasty


Year: 918 AH (1512/3 AD)

Regnal year: N/A

Weight: 8.54 g

Mint: Attributed to Agra


Al-mutawakkil ‘ala


Sikandar Shah

Bahlol Shah


अल मुतवक्किल आला

अल रहमान

सिकंदर शाह

बहलोल शाह

अल सुल्तान

المتوکل علیٰ


سکندر شاہ

بھلول شاہ


Trusting in God

The Merciful

Sikandar Shah

Bahlol Shah

The Sultan

ईश्वर, सबसे कृपालु में भरोसा करने वाला

सिकंदर शाह

बहलोल शाह


خدا، الرحمن پر اعتماد کرنے والا

سکندر شاہ

بھلول شاہ



Fi zaman

Amir Al Momenin

Khulidat Khilafatahu


फ़ी ज़मन

अमीर अल मोमीनीन

ख़ुलिदत ख़िलाफ़तहू

فی زمن

امیر المومینین

خلدت خلافۃ

During the time of

The Commander of the Faithful

May God preserve the Caliphate

विश्वासियों का सेनापति

के काल में

भगवान ख़िलाफ़त को कायम रखे


امیر المومنین

کے دور میں

خدا خلافہ کو قائم  رکھے



There was a period of anarchy produced by the weakness of the later Tughluq rulers and the sack of Delhi by Timur in 1398 due to which many provinces became independent. The Sultanate was a weak and destitute shadow of its former self throughout the century of the rule of the Sayyids and Lodis.[i]


Sikandar Khan Lodi, born Nizam Khan (reigned: 1489-1517) was the second ruler of the Lodi dynasty of Delhi. He was the son of Bahlol Lodi who had attempted to restore the glory of the Sultanate by extending its now shrunken territories. Bahlol had annexed parts of the Jaunpur Sultanate. Sikandar continued his father’s work by campaigning against the Rajputs and also involving himself in the civil war of the Malwa Sultanate which resulted in him gaining temporary control over Chanderi.

Sikandar took steps to centralize the administration of the Sultanate. Trade and agriculture flourished and there was much literary activity under him.

He was eventually succeeded by his son, Ibrahim Lodi who was defeated and slain by an invader from the central Asia, Zahiruddin Muhammad Babar in the First Battle of Panipat in 1526. This marked the end of the Delhi Sultanate and the start of the Mughal Empire in India.

The coin

All the billon coins of Sikandar Lodi are heavily debased. The silver content is only about 5%. It is thought that coins struck after 906 AH (1500 AD) were mostly struck at Agra, as it was the new capital of the Lodis.

The later Lodi coins have more angular writing such as this one. The obverse displays Sikandar’s and his father’s name alongside a religious epithet. The reverse features a prayer. [ii]

[i]  Mitchiner, M. (1977). Oriental coins and their values: The World of Islam. London: Hawkins Publications.

[ii] Goenka, S. G. (2022). The Coins of the Indian Sultanates: Covering the Areas of Present Day India, Pakistan and Bangladesh. New Delhi: Manoharlal Publishers & Distributors.