Silver rupee of Aurangzeb – Islamabad



Dar Jahan sikka zad cho bedr monir

Shah Aurangzeb Alamgir


दर जहान सिक्का ज़द चो बद्र मनीर

शाह औरंगज़ेब आलमगीर


در جہان سکہ زد چو بدر منیر

شاہ اورنگ زیب عالم گیر



Shah Aurangzeb Alamgir struck coin in the world like the shining full moon


शाह औरंगज़ेब आलमगीर ने दुनिया में चाँद की रोशनी जैसा चमकता हुआ सिक्का ढाला


شاہ اورنگ زیب عالم گیر نے دنیا میں چاند کی روشنی جیسا چمکتا ہوا سکہ ڈھالا




Julus manus sanah ahad mimnat zarb Islamabad

जुलूस मानूस सनह अहद मीमनत ज़र्ब इस्लामाबाद

جلوس مانوس سنہ احد میمنت ضرب اسلام آباد


Struck in the year thirty-nine of his reign of tranquil prosperity at Islamabad

इस्लामाबाद में शांत समृद्धि के उनतालीसवें वर्ष में ढाला गया

اسلام آباد میں پرسکون خوشحالی دور حکومت کے انتیسویں سال میں ڈھالا گیا




Muhi al-Din Muhammad, commonly known as Aurangzeb Alamgir (reigned: 1658-1707) was the sixth Emperor of the Mughal Dynasty and the last of the so-called "Great Mughals." He is known to have greatly expanded the Mughal empire to its greatest extent. He was a man of simple habits. Unlike his forefathers, he was not interested in undertaking the construction of grandiose buildings, even his own tomb in Khuldabad, Aurangabad district is a simple structure with an unmarked grave.[i]

His reign was characterised by deteriorating social relations largely because of his religious policies. His death was followed by a steady decline of Mughal power, at the hands of the Marathas, the Sikhs and the newly arrived European powers.

The coin

This coin is from later in Aurangzeb’s name and is an example of his standardised design.[ii]

To what mint this coin should be attributed is a matter of debate. Chittagong was renamed Islamabad after the Mughal conquest of Arakan under the reign of Aurangzeb. However, on later Mughal coins such as those of Shah Alam II, Islamabad is used to refer to Mathura when both names appear in conjunction. There is no doubt that the Islamabad of Shah Alam’s time was Mathura, but it is impossible to say when the change took place.[iii]

Regardless, it would make more sense for a new mint to be established in a more remote territory such as that of Arakan rather than Mathura.

[i] Sarkar, J. (2009). Short History of Aurangzeb. Orient BlackSwan.

[ii] Lane-Poole, S. (1892). The Coins of the Moghul Emperors of Hindustan. London.

[iii] Wright, H. N. (1908). Coins in the Indian Museum Calcutta. London: University of Oxford