Silver Tanka of Muzaffar Shah II– Gujrat Sultanate




Muzaffar Shah bin Mahmud Shah al Sultan

Khallada Allah Mulkahu


मुज़फ़्फ़र शाह बिन महमूद शाह अल सुल्तान

ख़लदह अल्लाह मूलकहु


مظفر شاہ بن محمود شاہ السلطان

خلد اللہ ملکہ



Muzaffar Shah, son of Mahmud Shah, The Sultan

May God preserve the country


मुज़फ़्फ़र शाह, पुत्र महमूद शाह, सुल्तान

भगवान इस राज्य को कायम रखे 903

مظفر شاہ بن محمود شاہ سلطان

خدا اس سلطنت کو قائم رکھے




Al-mu’ayyad bi-ta’yid al-rahman Shams al-duniya wa’l din

Abu’l Nasr

अल मुयय्यद बिताय्यद अल रहमन शम्स अल दूनया वा अल दीन

आबुल नस्र

المؤید بتائید الرحمن شمس الدنیا و الدین



He who trusts in the support of the merciful one

Sun of the world and faith

Father of Victory

वह जो दयालु के समर्थन में भरोसा करता है

विश्व और धर्म का सूरज

विजय के पिता

وہ جو رحمن کی حمایت پر بھروسہ رکھتا ہے

دنیا اور دین کا آفتاب



Sultanate of Gujrat

At a time when things were chaotic in Delhi, Zafar Khan, the viceroy of the Delhi Sultanate in Gujarat, declared independence, which led to the establishment of the sultanate of Gujarat. The kingdom endured for about 200 years, despite regular intrigues in the court and hostilities with the nearby kingdoms of Malwa and Mewar. In 1583, the kingdom was finally annexed to the Mughal empire by Akbar.

Muzaffar Shah II

Shamsuddin Muzaffar Shah II (reigned: 1511-1526) was the nineth sultan of the Muzaffarid Dynasty of the Gujrat Sultanate. He was known for his strong administration and efficient governance. Shortly after ascending to the throne, he became involved in the civil war occurring in the Malwa Sultanate. The pretender Muhammad II sought his aid but Muzaffar decided to help the legitimate ruler of the Malwa, Mahmud Shah II, instead.

Eventually, Muzaffar conceived the idea of annexing Malwa entirely rather than aiding its ruler. He sent an army to Dhar but after learning of Mahmud II’s conflict with the Rajputs he decided to withdraw his army as he decided not to attack a fellow Muslim in such as position. Ultimately, they were successful in restoring the throne to Mahmud Shah II.[i]

The coin

The ruler’s titles are spread over both sides of the coin. This style of calligraphy is typical to the coins of the Gujrat Sultanate.

Another interesting detail to note is that this is likely an error coin. The date which it presents is 903 AH, while Muzaffar Shah II’s rule was from 917-932 AH. It is possible that while engraving the die, the engraver did not carve a retrograde image onto the die resulting in the digits being mirrored as well as interchanged. This error must have been rectified soon as identical coins with 930 AH, which falls in Muzaffar’s period, have also been found.[ii]

[i] Goenka, S. G. (2022). The Coins of the Indian Sultanates: Covering the Areas of Present Day India, Pakistan and Bangladesh. New Delhi: Manoharlal Publishers & Distributors.

[ii] Jan Lingen, A. M. (2009, October 9). Shams al-Din Muzaffar Shah II, AH917-932 / AD1511-1525. Retrieved from Zeno: